Payment for housing and communal services is a significant component of spending for Russian families.
From 2014, there will be three important changes in theThe area of tariffing of housing and communal services - a new line will appear in the receipts, the procedure for paying for electricity will probably change, and the growth rate of the cost of utility services should decrease.
The appearance in the receipts of a new column - "major repairs"
Since 2014 receipts for utility billsReplenished with a new line - "major repairs." If previously major repairs were financed at the state expense, now it will be paid by the citizens themselves. The fee will be set in each region. According to forecasts, it will be 6-10 rubles. For sq.m.
The obligation to pay contributions will be fixedFor each tenant, except for those who live in emergency homes. For Russians, there are two options to choose - to pay in favor of a specialized regional operator or to save money on a specialized account.
The law prescribes the responsibility of the operator for the safety of funds. If at the time of capital repairs they are not, then it should be made with the money of the regional budget.
This innovation will undoubtedly lead to a significant increase in the cost of utility services.
The introduction of the marginal increase index of utility tariffs
A very positive innovation for citizens -The introduction of limit indices for increasing the payment of utilities. They will have to be installed for the next 3 years, and then for 5 years. The index will be determined taking into account the level of consumer prices and inflation. In this case, a reduction factor of 0.7 is assumed. For example, with an inflation rate of 5%, the increase in utility tariffs should not exceed 3.5%.
As a result of last year, the cost of utility services increased by an average of 9.8%. The leaders of growth were gas (+ 15%), electricity (+ 13%), heating (+ 11%) and hot water (+ 10.6%).
Limit value of the increase in utility tariffsThe government should put into effect on July 1, 2014. The regions will be able to set their own tariff for tariff growth, but it should not be 1.5 times higher than the government's level. For example, if a bar is approved at a rate of 3.5% per year, then the governor can increase it only within 5.25%.
Introduction of social norms of electricity consumption
It is assumed that since the summer of 2014 in Russia inEach region should be defined social rate of electricity consumption. Kilovats, which will be spent in excess of the norm, will have to be paid at higher tariffs.
In 6 Russian regions, social norms have been in force since September 2013. According to statistics, about 80% of Russians "fit" into their framework and did not pay for utilities more.
According to the latest amendments, the regionsIndependently should determine the feasibility of introducing social norms for electricity consumption until March 1, 2016. However, while regional authorities are reluctant to implement this initiative and it operates exclusively in the pilot regions.
Previously, it was also planned to introduce social programs for gas, water and heating consumption. But in April 2014, these decisions were canceled due to inadequate accounting devices in the population.