Payment of utility bills is a significant component of costs for Russian families.
three important changes happen Since 2014the area of utility billing - a new line appears in the receipts is likely to change the order of payment for electricity, and the rate of growth in the value of housing services should be reduced.
The emergence of new receipts of Box - "Repair"
Since 2014 a receipt for payment of utility billsaugmented with a new line - "major repairs". Earlier overhaul funded at public expense, but now he will pay for the citizens themselves. The amount of payment will be established in each region. According to the forecasts, it will be 6-10 p. per sq.m.
The obligation to pay contributions will be fixedfor each tenant, except for those who live in emergency houses. to pay in favor of the specialized regional operator or set aside money on a dedicated account - two choices are available for the Russians.
The law spelled out the responsibility of the operator for safety of funds. If they will not appear at the time of major repairs, it must be done with the money of the regional budget.
This innovation will undoubtedly lead to a significant increase in the cost of housing services.
The introduction of the limit of the index increase utility tariffs
Very positive innovation for the citizens -introduction of limit indexes improve utilities payment. They should be installed over the next 3 years, and then - for 5 years. The index will be determined taking into account the level of consumer prices and inflation. This assumes the use of a discount factor of 0.7. For example, if the inflation rate of 5%, the growth of utility tariffs should not exceed 3.5%.
According to the results of the last 2013 of utility costs on average increased by 9.8%. top gainers were gas (+ 15%), electricity (+ 13%), heating (+ 11%) and hot water (+ 10.6%).
Limiting the amount of increase in tariffs for housing and communal servicesthe government should put in place on July 1, 2014. Regions will be able to set your own bar for the growth of tariffs, but it should not be higher than the level set by the government at 1.5 times. For example, if the bar will be approved in the amount of 3.5% per year, the governor can only increase it within 5.25%.
The introduction of a social norm of electricity consumption
It is assumed that in Russia in the summer of 2014every region of the social norm of electricity consumption is to be determined. Kilowatts, which will be spent over the rules will have to be paid at higher rates.
6 In the Russian regions are social norms from September of 2013. According to statistics, about 80% of Russians "stacked" in their framework and did not pay for housing and communal services more.
According to the latest amendments, regionsalone should determine the feasibility of the introduction of social standards in electricity consumption up to March 1, 2016. However, while regional governments are reluctant to implement this initiative and it operates solely in the pilot regions.
Earlier also it expected to introduce sotsnormy consumption of gas, water and heating. But in April 2014, these decisions have been canceled due to lack of meters in the population.