One of the most common types of severe headache is migraine.
The name comes from the word "mikranii", which is truncated from the Greek word "gemikraniya", which means "half of the head" and indicates a one-sided pain.
Almost 10% of the world's population suffers from this type of disease. The most vulnerable to migraine are women.
The pain usually begins gradually and lasts 12-18 hours.
Symptoms and causes of migraine
The main symptom of migraine is a pulsatingHeadache, mainly on one side of the head. Pain can be permanent or paroxysmal. Pain with migraine is most often accompanied by irritability, nausea and vomiting. If all these symptoms last at least 5 minutes, but not more than 1 hour, they can be attributed to the symptoms of a migraine aura.
There are several types of migraine, which depend on how often the seizures occur and what symptoms accompany:
- Episodic migraine without an aura. Such migraine attacks occur rarely, no more than 15 times a month and are not accompanied by symptoms of an aura.
- An episodic migraine with an aura. This type of seizures happens rarely and is accompanied by symptoms of aura.
- Chronic migraine. Attacks for chronic migraine occur frequently, often 15 times a month.
The main causes of migraine are vegetative-vascularDisorder and heredity. The cause of cerebral vasospasm can be alcohol and smoking, changes in the weather, psychological and physical stress, too short or too long a dream, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, menopause, various foods such as bananas, chocolate, nuts, fish, cheese. Also, the cause of migraine is a twisted spine. On the state of human health, the change in climatic conditions, moving to another country can be badly affected.
Recently, the World Health Organization introduced a migraine in the list of 19 diseases, which are the most important causes of disruption of social adaptation of patients.
Treatment and prevention
To properly treat this disease, it is very important to accurately determine the type of migraine.
There are 2 basic approaches to the treatment of migraine: Treatment of seizures and prevention. Treatment of attacks is carried out to stop a migraine attack soon after it began. Drugs for treatment are available in the form of tablets, as well as a spray for the nose and injections.
Prevention of migraine is needed by all patients whoExperience migraine attacks more than 2 times a month. The attending physician can advise prophylactic treatment if the patient does not have the proper effect of medication treatment or the number of seizures increases.
Folk remedies for migraine are also veryAre effective. To relieve an attack, it is recommended to do a head massage, start from the forehead and lead to the nape with both hands. With systematic headaches helps the juice of fresh potatoes, which drink 1/4 cups a day 2 times. Interrupts the attack and strong green tea.