Lymphadenitis and lymphadenopathy ispainful condition caused by an increase or other change in the normal state of the lymph nodes. However, this term is tentative or, more accurately, more general.
In the future, if we talk about specific symptoms and causes should be considered a specific disease, directly or indirectly, under the appropriate term is "lymphadenitis".
What is lymphadenitis?
In the course of the disease affected axillary andinguinal nodes human body. And lymphadenitis begins quite unobtrusively - usually with little painful and short-term pain, which then pass into the already palpable induration of the lymph nodes. Then, during the progression of inflammatory disease unit becomes very dense and monolithic - in fact, very painful infiltrate.
The skin over the nodes themselves with red and hot, and then noticeably thinner and becomes very brightly colored - claret or cherry.
In the future, a person develops a fever andsweating, combined with severe headaches and common ailments, and pus from the inflamed site breaks out. In the prosperous course of the disease and recovery, after breaking abscess must be cleansed, and inflammation - down.
Another option for the outcome of this disease is the transition hypoplastic lymphadenitis in chronic stage of scarring and hardening of the nodules.
In this case, the abscess will be repeated from time to time.
If you suspect that the emergence of this diseaseusually taken puncture to "dismiss" the other options lymphadenitis - tuberculosis, mikobakterioznogo, syphilitic, as well as the possibility of metastasis of tumors.
The disease, according to the medicalStatistically, most often affects young children and adolescents. Usually, the "victim" of tuberculous lymphadenitis are cervical and submandibular lymph nodes, much less - axillary, inguinal and elbow.
In tuberculous lymphadenitis nodes can grow up to 1.5 cm or even more.
Symptoms are as follows - drastically increases the temperature,expressed intoxication, as well as the spread of inflammation lymphadenitis on the subcutaneous tissue and skin. In the absence of proper treatment, there are additional symptoms - pronounced abscess, fluctuation and breakthrough purulent masses through non-healing fistula.
The outcome of the disease depends on the qualityconducted in a medical facility diagnostics, which resulted in the form of TB lymphadenitis will identify and separate from the others. If the treatment is scheduled on time and correctly, the focus of the inflammation is reduced, and fistula slowly, but still dry up and heal, eventually transformed into keloid scars.
Infectious lymphadenitis mononukleozny
The cause of this disease isExposure to human Epstein-Barr virus, the incubation period is usually is 4-15 days. The first symptoms in this case are high fever, severe intoxication, weakness, constant headache and then a sore throat, and extreme discomfort when swallowing.
With infectious lymphadenitis mononukleoznom temperature of 38-40 degrees can last for 1-3 days, despite the adoption of the patients medications to reduce the index of the thermometer.
In this case, the strongest wave of destruction of the human body is concentrated in the submandibular lymph nodes and zadnesheynyh, which in some patients can reach acute mezadenita.
Usually, the treatment of this type of lymphadenitis appropriate medications, the physician must insist on conducting an HIV test.
Inflammation of the lymph nodes oftenIt accompanies this disease, along with intoxication, fever, malaise, constant fatigue, drowsiness and headache. In this case, common for rubella skin symptoms are accompanied by noticeable changes in zadnesheynyh and neck lymph nodes on a background of severe pain.
Appropriate treatment, patients assignedafter delivery of the diagnosis "rubella, accompanied krasnushchatym lymphadenitis", in a rather short period of time it reduces the outward signs of rubella, and reduces pain and the size of the lymph nodes.
This situation is not a pathology asymmetric reduction or uneven decrease pain.
Other less common forms of lymphadenitis
Such diseases also include:
- Hodgkin's lymphoma, also called Hodgkin's disease that affects the lymphatic areas on the one hand diafragmy-
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or lymphosarcoma, where lymphadenitis caused progressive tumor with primary lesion is in limfouzlah-
- Still's disease, most often systemic lupus related volchanke-
- Viral hepatic lymphadenitis (usually a type C) -
- Gaucher's disease and Niemann-Pick attributable to the accumulation of disease caused by a genetic defect metabolizma-
- Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, attributable to the list of chronic leykozov-
- Medicinal lymphadenitis arising as a result of reactions to different products-
- Lyme disease.