Eczema is a skin disease, which is manifested by inflammation of its surface layers.
It arises from the nervous-allergic reaction of the body to external and internal stimuli.
This is the most common dermatological disease.
Causes and types of eczema
There are several causes of eczema. The main ones are immunity disorders, genetic predisposition, mycoses, hormonal changes, stomach and liver diseases. In most cases, eczema occurs as a result of chronic diseases of internal organs, in particular organs of the gastrointestinal tract, disruption of the endocrine system. Depending on the cause, eczema is divided into several types.
A great influence on the development of eczema is nervous tension, constant stress, external negative factors, for example harmful production.
True (idiopathic) eczema - the exact causesIt was not possible to establish it by scientists. However, there are hypotheses that it appears as a result of prolonged emotional and mental stress, mental trauma, diabetes, diseases of the digestive system, and the thyroid gland.
The most common is atopic eczema, itOccurs in people with allergic reactions (for food, animal hair, pollen of plants), as well as in people who have a genetic predisposition to atopic diseases (for example, bronchial asthma).
Microbial eczema appears on areas of the skin that have been exposed to a prolonged inflammatory process caused by fungi or microbes.
Occupational eczema occurs as a result ofEffects on the skin of chemicals (formaldehyde, dyes, chromium, nickel, detergents). This kind of eczema appears first in the place of contact of the skin with the irritant, and can subsequently spread to other parts of the skin.
Varicose eczema appears on the skin of the lower extremities due to poor blood supply in case of varicose veins. Because eczema is a systemic disease, it is not contagious.
Symptoms of Eczema
The signs of eczema include the appearance on the skinSite of inflammation, the skin in this place is thickened. There is redness, there is a rash. Vesicles of the rash can be opened, forming painful wounds. There is a strong itch, disturbing sleep and a normal rhythm of life. During the exacerbation of the disease, the body temperature rises.
The manifestations of eczema are similar to other skin diseases, for example, with contact dermatitis.
During the period of remission, the skin of the affected areaBecomes inelastic, dry and crack. When these symptoms appear, you need to contact a dermatologist who will perform diagnostic tests, put an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.