Land turtles are sometimes considered to be living toys. They are kept in the room or at the dacha, allowing the children to do with them whatever they want.
This approach is incorrect. Turtle - a kind of animal with its own character and interesting group behavior.
To ensure that your pet feels well and calmly, she needs appropriate conditions and adequate nutrition.
In homes most often hold Central Asian orMediterranean land tortoises. Other species are less common. In any case, it should be remembered that the turtle is a resident of warm countries. Therefore, keep it constantly on free grazing is not worth it. Even if the apartment is warm, the turtle may not be enough. It is best to buy a terrarium for her, and the more he is, the better. To determine its parameters, multiply the length of the shell of an adult animal by five. This will be the length of the terrarium. The width can be about half the length. Height is not so important, turtles creep along the ground.
What to put in the terrarium
The bottom of the terrarium is best covered with largeSand or pebbles. Both need to be rinsed well and dried. In one corner you can make a hideout, where the turtle will rest at night or during hibernation. It is possible to put several potted plants in pots. There must be a small pool in the terrarium. Its depth is such that the turtle can stand on the bottom, and the water would reach her jaw. In this case, the pool should be such that your lodger can go there freely. In one corner of the terrarium place several "hot stones" - disguised as heaters. Make sure that the wire is not accessible to the turtle, otherwise it gorgeously gnaws it. In another corner, sand should always be wet. It must be periodically watered.
Lighting depends on where it will beStand the terrarium. If you place it in a well-lit room, no extra lamps are required. After placing the tortoise house in a dark room, place one or more small fluorescent lights on the cover. In addition, you will need a quartz lamp. Quartz requires that the body in the turtle produced vitamin D. Deficiency of this vitamin causes softening of the shell.
The basis of the diet of the Mediterranean andCentral Asian turtles are plant food. As for the other representatives of the tortoise world, among them there are predators and scavengers. The only thing that should not be in the diet of any turtle - dairy products. In the body of turtles there are simply no enzymes that would process milk.
Sometimes a turtle can be allowed to wander aroundApartment. Place for a walk should be prepared. There should not be any cracks where the tortoise can get stuck. Many representatives of the turtle species are killed in captivity precisely for this reason. In a sunny day, the turtle is useful for wandering around on fresh grass. But do not take your eyes off her. It's only in fairy tales that the tortoises move slowly, in fact they are extremely mobile.