Fern is one of the most ancient plants, which practically did not change its appearance over the millennia.
His beautiful, openwork and unusual foliage, called vayi, is very attractive, so ferns are often grown at home.
Home ferns - plants prettyUnpretentious, for excellent growth and development they need to create favorable conditions, properly watered and transplanted into fresh substrate once every few years.
Where to place the fern
Choose a suitable place in the room for the plant. Since the fern is shade-resistant, it can be placed on a stand in a room or placed on a shelf. Here the plant will be most comfortable. Some ferns are bright, but scattered light, so they will feel great near a window facing east or north.
The most suitable temperature for growthFern about 15-20 ° C, at a temperature below 10 ° C the plant will die, and will feel uncomfortable if the temperature is above 22 ° C. In ordinary apartments, the temperature is much higher, so the fern can be located in the kitchen or in the hallway or spray the plant daily.
Features of watering
Watering the plant is necessary regularly, notAllowing the drying of the earth coma. The fern is very sensitive to the absence of moisture, the tips of the wye begin to dry, and then all the leaves are completely. Dry leaves need to be removed and periodic irrigation resumed.
In winter, the ferns have a rest period. At this time, watering should be reduced. But the earth in the pot must be moist all the time. In spring, with the onset of the growing period, watering is gradually increased.
The water should be soft, so it is best to let it stand at room temperature or use for rain watering.
Ferns do not tolerate the dry air of the apartment, so sprinkle them daily with warm water, on hot days do this at least 2 times a day in the morning and in the evening.
If you do not have the opportunity to spray the fern often, pour the keramzit into the pan and moisten it, and cover the surface of the soil with a damp moss in the pot. As you dry, moisten the expanded clay and moss.
How to transplant a fern
Prepare the substrate for planting the fern. Take 2 pieces of sheet humus, one part peat and 2 parts cleaned sand. For ferns with golden foliage, as experts suggest, you need to add a little rotten bark to the soil.
Since the plant is quite large, then the potFor him, choose the appropriate size. Also, ferns can be grown in hanging pots and in baskets. Pour a drain on the bottom of the pot, then a layer of nutrient substrate. Place the plant and fill the ground. Pour the fern and put it in a bright place.