Bonsai - a dwarf plant that is grown in a shallow pot or tray. It is a kind of man-made creation of a landscape in miniature.
These dwarf trees admired and addicted to high-ranking samurai.
To grow a work of art at home, you need a lot of knowledge and experience.
You will need
- - pulverizator-
- - Soil smes-
- - expanded clay
- - Pruner.
Bonsai are best kept in the open air,Most species prefer a subtropical climate. But the vast majority of compatriots is grown in areas where there is no possibility of bonsai include year-round outdoors. During warmer months, the plant should be kept on the balcony (loggia), in the garden area or on the sill of the open window. At room conditions good grow myrtle, Thiess, Chinese juniper, citrus and pomegranate.
Good lighting - it is not just a source ofenergy for bonsai, but also an important factor that shapes the principles of bonsai. Most species of trees grow in open sunny places. However, keep in mind that the afternoon sun can negatively affect the plant. Place the pot of bonsai so that at noon the direct rays do not fall on the crown. In cold weather, it is desirable to plant additional lighting fluorescent lamps. With a lack of light leaves turn pale and large, elongated internodes, the lower branches give a small gain, die.
Success in growing bonsai also from envyproper watering. Deciduous species in the summer need more water than evergreens or conifers. In the cold deciduous consume less water. Coniferous species painlessly tolerate a lack of water in the soil. It is very convenient to carry out watering by immersing the pot in a container of water. At the same time the soil is completely and uniformly impregnated, whom the soil is not eroded. For watering, you can use tap water (separated), rain water. Since tap water contains a lot of calcium chloride and, it must be kept at room temperature for a day. Periodically spray the bonsai crown water from the sprinkler. This method not only cleans the leaves of dust, but also moisturizes the air.
Maintaining a crown shape and size of the treeby means of pinching of new growth and the pruning old branches. When the content of the bonsai most complex operations. Follow the increase of the shoots. Unnecessary buds and shoots are removed immediately after they become available, to the tree is not spent growth nutrients to them. The timing of this operation is calculated to have time to grow back shoots to the period of relative calm.
Transplanting a bonsai - a very important point,contributing to the maintenance of bonsai health. Typically, the container does not change at change. The main goal - the removal of thickened roots, replacing with fresh soil. Carefully remove the plant from the pot and cut the bottom part of the root system. Then pour a new drainage, backfill fresh soil, reinforce the tree in the same position. Bonsai is an evergreen or deciduous transplanted every 1-2 years, conifers - in 2-3 years. Spring - the best time to transplant when the buds. To do this, use the usual soil mix.