Cardiosclerosis - a disease that affects the muscles and heart valves. Scar tissue replaces partially myocardium and leads to valve deformity.
The reasons for the development of the disease can be quite a lot.
Cardiosclerosis can develop after rheumatism,myocarditis, atherosclerosis, heart injury, or be the result of hypertrophy and myocardial dystrophy. The first symptoms of the disease may be a violation of patency of heart, arrhythmia, heart failure. When cardiosclerosis caused by atherosclerosis, angina occur. In the future may develop cardiac vascular aneurysm.
Ultrasonic diagnosis of heart helpsidentify pockets of scarring, to determine the size of the heart. ECG records the heart rhythm abnormalities. In addition, conduct electrocardiography and echocardiography. Based on the results obtained by research cardiologist diagnoses and prescribe treatment.
The patient is prescribed medication for cardiosclerosiscorrection arrhythmia, angina pectoris or cardiac insufficiency. The doctor should keep in mind that myocardial tolerance to any cardiac glycosides in cardiosclerosis markedly reduced. Besides medication recommended diet, avoiding harmful habits, moderate exercise.