More recently, the installation of electricalOutlets in the bathrooms of apartments of standard layout was not envisaged. Household washing machines had no place to place them, and electric towel warmers and water heaters were not on sale.
Today the installation of sockets in the bathroom is an absolute necessity.
Possibilities of placing sockets in the bathroom
From an electrical safety point of view, the bathroom- not the most suitable place for installation of outlets due to high humidity in this room. Therefore, during installation, special precautions should be taken into account and which ones will be connected to the mains.
Wiring in the bathroom should beHidden and grounded. All wire junctions must be carefully insulated. The place for the outlet should be chosen taking into account the safety zones. So, inside the bath and washbasin it is forbidden to use any electrical appliances. At a distance of 0.6 m from the cranes, only water heaters can be installed, the housing of which must necessarily be grounded.
At a distance of 1.2 m from the cranes can be mountedLamps class II protection, equipped with a switch in the form of a lace, as well as exhaust fans. Do not install the sockets on walls where condensation is constantly generated. Cases of electrical outlets must be at least IV class moisture protection, they are equipped with covers and special seals that do not allow moisture.
Installation of conventional electrical outlets is allowed no closer than at a distance of 2.4 m from the cranes.
How to properly install the outlet in the bathroom
In old houses in bathroomsThe grounding was not provided, so when making repairs, take care of replacing the old electrical wiring with a three-wire double-insulated and protective conductor. In this case, it should be separated into a separate group, the voltage supply to which is carried out on a separate three-phase cable.
Provide an automatic installationOff. On the sockets that will be installed in the bathroom, there must be a third grounding prong. Do not use metal pipes or building fittings as grounding.
If there is a washing machine in the bathroom, install a residual current device that operates at a current of not more than 10 mA.
When installing the sockets, consider the nominalThe power of those electrical appliances that will be connected to them. The selection of the wire section and the maximum current in the socket should be made taking into account that the starting current at the time of starting the engine of the washing machine can be several times greater than the rated current. The marking of the electrical outlets shows the maximum permissible operating voltage.