A person can live without a spleen, but the evidence for its removal should be very serious, because the absence or malfunction of any body threatens unpredictable consequences.
In this case, such a loss can affect the course of various infectious diseases, complicating it.
Since ancient times, surgeons have attempted to curecertain blood disorders using splenectomy - surgery to remove the spleen. Unfortunately, for a long time attempts to remove the body had no success as the operation often ended hit germs into the operating wound and sepsis. With the development of medical surgery to remove the spleen became available, at the moment people are not only living without this body fairly comfortable, but also have a chance of observing a diet significantly extend their life by getting rid of serious diseases of the circulatory system.
The main function of the spleen
Spleen - this is one of the major organsblood, there is an accumulation of mature blood cells, platelets and red blood cell destruction, fulfilled their function in the body, the completion of the formation of immune cells and the capture of foreign bodies caught in the body.
Processes in which the function of the spleen are violated, leading to the development of dangerous blood diseases, and the hormonal therapy is required, and in the case of worthlessness - removal of an organ.
Indications for splenectomy
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura - the disease is accompanied by an early loss of platelets, resulting in bleeding occurs spontaneously.
2.; Hemolytic anemia - a disease in which the human body begins to destroy its own red blood cells (erythrocytes), resulting in severe anemia develops a lack of oxygen to all tissues of the body, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes bodies.
Aplastic anemia - a disease characterized by lack of blood cells due to a violation of the formation in the bone marrow.
Neoplastic degeneration of spleen, chronic leukemias, is not amenable to radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Rupture of the spleen, purulent and tuberculous lesion, cystic formation.
The decision on removal of the spleen is to take doctor-hematologist and surgeon.
Splenectomy is performed strictly according to testimony in the presence of acute conditions, there are no contraindications, as well as confidence in the absence of the effect of hormone replacement therapy.
After removal of the spleen forecast heavydiseases improved somewhat since this operation can slow their development, also after splenectomy increases the body's sensitivity to drug treatment (chemotherapy).
Life without a spleen
At the time removal of the spleen may be the salvationfor the patient, but it is absolutely not a painless loss for the organism as a whole. Crashes that occur in the absence of the spleen may disturb the proper functioning of the human body, it threatens the fact that even the simplest infections can proceed very long and hard.