A person can live without a spleen, but the testimony for its removal must be very serious, because the absence or inoperability of any organ threatens unpredictable consequences.
In this case, such a loss can affect the course of various infectious diseases, complicating it.
Since ancient times, surgeons have made attempts to cureSome diseases of the blood with the help of splenectomy - surgical intervention to remove the spleen. Unfortunately, for a long time attempts to remove the organ were not successful, since this operation often resulted in the entry of microbes into the surgical wound and the development of sepsis. With the development of medicine, the operation to remove the spleen has become available, at present people not only live without this organ quite comfortably, but also have the chance, following a diet, to significantly prolong their life by getting rid of severe diseases of the circulatory system.
Basic functions of the spleen
The spleen is one of the main organsHematopoiesis, it accumulates mature blood cells, destruction of platelets and erythrocytes that have performed their functions in the body, the completion of the formation of immune cells and the seizure of foreign bodies that have entered the body.
Processes in which the functions of the spleen are violated lead to the development of dangerous blood diseases, while hormonal therapy is necessary, and in case of its uselessness, removal of the organ.
Indications for splenectomy
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura - this disease is accompanied by early death of platelets, resulting in spontaneous bleeding.
2.Hemolytic anemia is a disease in which a human body begins to destroy its own blood cells (erythrocytes), as a result of severe anemia, a lack of oxygen develops for all body tissues, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
Aplastic anemia is a disease characterized by a deficiency of all blood cells due to a disruption from education in the bone marrow.
Tumor spleen degeneration, chronic leukemia, which are not amenable to radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Spleen rupture, purulent and tuberculous lesions, cystic formations.
The decision to remove the spleen should be taken by the attending physician-hematologist, as well as the surgeon.
Splenectomy is performed strictly according to indications in the presence of acute conditions, the absence of contraindications, and also with confidence in the absence of the effect of hormone therapy.
After removal of the spleen, the forecast is heavyDiseases improves somewhat, since this operation allows to slow down their development, in addition, after splenectomy, the sensitivity of the organism to medical treatment (chemotherapy) increases.
Life without a spleen
In time, the removed spleen can become a salvationFor the patient, but this is absolutely not a painless loss for the body as a whole. Failures due to lack of a spleen can disrupt the proper functioning of the human body, this threatens the fact that even the most simple infectious diseases can take a long time and hard.