Relative indicators are designed to characterize the intensity of the occurring changes in the measured value.
To find them you need to know the absolute values in at least two measurement points - for example, on two timeline marks.
Therefore, relative indicators are considered secondary to absolute, but nevertheless, without them it is difficult to estimate the overall picture of the changes occurring with the measured parameter.
Divide one absolute indicator by another,To obtain the value of the relative indicator characterizing the changes in the absolute indicators that occurred. In the numerator it is necessary to set that absolute indicator, which is current (or "compared"), and in the denominator there must be an absolute indicator with which the current value is compared - it is called "base" or "reference base". The result of the division (that is, the relative indicator) will express how many times the current absolute index is greater than the base one or how many units of the current value are accounted for by each unit of the base one.
If the absolute values to be compared haveThe same units of measure (for example, the number of produced howitzers), the relative indicator obtained as a result of calculations is usually expressed in percent, ppm, prodecimile or in coefficients. In the coefficients, the relative exponent is expressed in the case when the basic absolute index is taken equal to unity. If one is replaced by one, then the relative indicator will be expressed as a percentage, if a million is in ppm, and if ten million in prodecimyl. When two values that have different units of measure (for example, howitzers and the population of the country) are compared, the resulting relative indicator is expressed in named values (for example, howitzers per capita).
Use any calculator to findThe numerical value of the relative index. This operation does not require the calculation of any special functions, but is an ordinary operation of dividing two numbers, so almost every working calculator is suitable.