Even if the basement is not an integral part of any country house, it can be called a very important part.
In a large basement you can arrange a warehouse for storing raw and canned products, any things that are not needed yet, but may be needed in the future.
Also, the basement can be used as a study or even a gym at home.
How to build a good basement, you will now find out.
It's not enough for a good basement to just digPit. After all, this room should be reliable, resistant to moisture and well ventilated. Before the construction of the basement, you must first dig a hole 2 meters deep and see if water is being collected there. If the water does not come? you are lucky. Otherwise there will be a need to conduct waterproofing work. And you need to do this carefully, since errors are then very difficult and expensive to eliminate.
It is best to lay out the basement of bricks onClay solution with the addition of sand or quarry stone in a solution of sand and lime. Before choosing the thickness of the walls of the cellar, you need to take into account the design of the future house. If it is capital and made of cinder block or brick, you should make a basement with a wall thickness of 50 mm more than the thickness of the masonry box of the house. For a basement cellar, the walls should be slightly thicker.
The floor is best made from broken bricks, gravel orExpanded clay on a clay solution. Further, the masonry is compacted and protected from moisture by a layer of roofing material. You can leave the floor earthen. Then it will be better to maintain a constant low temperature and eliminate unpleasant odors.
Overlapping the ceiling of the cellar should be done from the PCG,Under them laying boards for firmware. For the cellar under the whole house, support columns are necessary, which can serve as rows of a cinder block or brick with a thickness of 500-600 mm.
Special attention should be paid to waterproofing. For this purpose, a bitumen layer with a girder or straw, foam concrete, a couple of layers of roofing material or roofing material will be suitable. All the seams need to be carefully sealed and sealed, so that the water does not leak into the room with unpleasant odors.
Ventilation should also be taken care of. It is necessary for this to make two air ducts, which can be made by exhaust pipes or windows located at different ends of the basement diagonally. One pipe (or window) should be closer to the floor, and the other? To the ceiling. And with the help of curtains-latches you can adjust the intensity of ventilation.