Before mounting the fireplace, you need to determine the type of fireplace, its size, design, flue opening device and purchase the necessary building materials.
And only after that you can start the construction of the fireplace and its finish.
You will need
- Construction materials and tools.
When choosing a location, where the fireplace is located,it is important to bear in mind that you need to avoid the draft. Location is best defined away from doors and windows. Building a fireplace it is necessary to have brick walls or partitions. If the wall is decorated with a different material, it will be necessary to isolate it with the masonry on the entire height of the wall. Insulation must be on the sides of the wall fireplace leave 30 cm.
Next, you must decide on the foundation. Of course, the lay the foundation or not depends on the design and weight of the fireplace. For the near-wall fireplaceHaving an insulating wall, the foundation willrequired. The foundation made of crushed stone, gravel, broken bricks and cement-sand mortar. Waterproofing, which consists of two layers of roofing material, to be installed below the floor level and above? screed. Be sure to leave a gap between the foundation fireplace and the foundation of the house. foundation size is determined depending on the size fireplace.
hearth base and the portal can be made ofrefractory brick or metal plate. This area is designed to protect the floor from accidental fire, and must have protuberances - in the front is about 50 cm by 40 cm sides.
Sami fireplaces is recommended to build a ceramic or refractory bricks. In no case can not use lime.
During construction fireplace focal depth should be 50 cm. The rear wall is laid out vertically, at a height of 1/3 from the floor. Next, the wall is necessary to put the pan in order to better reflect the heat in the room. The side walls should be built in relation to the rear at an angle of 60 degrees, and it is important not to forget that they should be disclosed. At the construction site fireplace we must remember that the size of the portal should be proportional to the area of the room, about 1:50.
From bottom to top of the combustion chamber should be raised? smoke box with a latch for cleaning the upper part of the soot from the chimney and the cross-sectional area less than 1/10 of the opening cross section of the flue.
Plaster the inner surface of the flue opening is difficult, but not necessarily. Although thanks to plaster? significantly increases heat transfer and improves traction.
The final stage in the construction of fireplaceIt is a connection fireplace to the chimney. To do this, connect the hole with the sweeping chimney. After that, you can begin to furnish and design fireplace.