The basic legal norms, which are the basis forOf all the legislation of Russia, are spelled out in the Constitution. This document has the status of the Basic Law and is applied directly throughout the country.
The Constitution of the Russian Federation is a document containingAll the basic legal norms, in the development of which federal constitutional laws, federal laws, by-laws are adopted. This document consolidates the foundations of the constitutional system, fixes the basic rights, duties, freedoms of citizens of Russia, determines the principles of state and territorial organization. It is in the Constitution that the main state bodies representing the three branches of power in the RF are described, the powers and peculiarities of the activities of the President of the Russian Federation are fixed, the foundations for independence and independence of local self-government are laid.
The highest legal force of the RF Constitution
The importance of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the norms contained in itIs emphasized by the fact that it is this act that has the highest legal force throughout the country. No federal law, other normative legal act can contain provisions that contradict the Basic Law. To control compliance with this requirement, a special independent body has been created - the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, which reviews cases on the compliance of normative acts with the Constitution of the Russian Federation. If there are discrepancies, this body adopts resolutions in which it sets out the legal position regarding specific norms. Guided by this legal position, interested persons carry out their activities without observing the norms and requirements that are recognized as contrary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
Amendment of the Constitution of the Russian Federation
The importance and inviolability of the principles enshrined inThe Constitution of the Russian Federation is underlined by a complex and lengthy procedure for amending this act. Particularly difficult is the change in Chapters 1, 2, and 9 of the Basic Law, which consolidate the foundations of the constitutional system, the rights, freedoms of citizens, and the very procedure for amending this act. Amendments to other chapters are carried out in a simplified procedure, which still requires more time and effort than the adoption of a customary federal law. So, the list of the subjects entering into the Russian Federation changes quite often, as they can be united, included in the composition of the country. Also, amendments may be required in connection with changes in the structure and composition of the supreme bodies of state power. At the same time, the basic principle of any changes is the preservation of the foundations of the constitutional system, the inviolability and the highest importance of citizens' rights and freedoms.