After the May 6 events on Bolotnaya Square, whenMoscow witnessed large-scale clashes between the protesting opposition and OMON forces, the State Duma forced the adoption of a new Federal Law "On Amendments to the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation" and amended the Federal Law "On Meetings, Rallies, Demonstrations, Processions and Picketing."
The amendments and the new law entered into force on June 9, 2012.
It is assumed that the introduction of a new lawWill help to ensure the balance of values enshrined in the Constitution, as well as the interests of the state and society. And although the right to freedom of assembly, rallies and demonstrations is spelled out in the basic law, it has one essential limitation: such meetings should be held peacefully and without weapons. The law establishes new restrictions necessary to protect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens who peacefully express their opinion. A different degree of responsibility is provided for in the law for individuals, legal entities and officials.
Fines for the organizers of the rally
The law provides for penaltiesOrganizers of public events. The maximum amount will have to be paid to those who have not coped with the task of ensuring security, which has led to harm to the health of participants. For citizens whom the court finds guilty of this, the maximum amount of the fine is 300 thousand rubles. It, however, can be replaced by 200 hours of forced labor. An official accused of violating the law will pay up to 600 thousand rubles, and a legal person - from 500 thousand to 1 million rubles.
In the event that everything costs onlyCausing damage to property, an individual will be fined in the amount of 100 to 200 thousand rubles, the official - from 200 to 400, legal - from 350 to 700 thousand rubles.
In the event that the event was without similarExcesses, but during its carrying out the movement of pedestrians or transport was complicated, and also if it was required to attract additional law enforcement forces, the punishment would be milder. Citizens-organizers "get rid" of fines from 30 to 50 thousand rubles or forced labor up to 100 hours, officials - from 50 to 100, legal - from 250 to 500 thousand rubles.
If the organizers hold a rally without notifying theThis is the relevant authorities, an individual will have to pay to the state treasury of 20 to 30 thousand rubles or work out as punishment in the form of compulsory work 50 hours. The official in this situation will be punished with a fine in the amount of 20 to 40 thousand, legal - from 70 to 200 thousand rubles.
Penalties for participants of the rally
Will be punished and ordinary participants who cameTo the rally to express their point of view. The minimum penalty for violating the rules for citizens is from 10 to 20 thousand rubles or up to 40 hours of forced labor. The official will pay the amount of 15 to 30 thousand rubles, the organization - from 50 to 100 thousand rubles. If the participant harms someone's health or property, the amount of the fine will be from 150 to 300 thousand rubles, and the time of forced labor - up to 200 hours.
Toughen the punishment of the fact of carrying out similarPublic events in close proximity to hazardous facilities. They are, for example, nuclear installations. A natural person who participates in a rally in this case will not only pay a fine in the amount of 150,000 to 300,000 rubles, but may also be subjected to administrative arrest for 15 days.
Punishment will be incurred not only by the organizers andParticipants in the rallies, but also those who obstruct their conduct or compel them to participate in them. The citizen in this case will pay from 10 to 20, and the official - from 30 to 50 thousand rubles.