After the events of May 6 at the Swamp area whenMoscow large-scale clashes occurred opposition rally the forces of riot police, the State Duma crossed the adoption of the new Federal Law "On Amendments to the RF Code of Administrative Offences," and has made changes to the Federal Law "On Meetings, Rallies, Demonstrations, Processions and Picketing".
The changes and the new law came into force on 9 June 2012.
It is assumed that the introduction of new legislationIt will help to ensure a balance of values enshrined in the Constitution, as well as the interests of the state and society. Although the right to freedom of assembly, meetings and demonstrations is written in the Basic Law, it has one major limitation: this type of meeting should take place peacefully and without arms. The law establishes new restrictions are necessary to protect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens peacefully expressing their views. Different degrees of liability provided in the law for individuals, legal entities and officials.
Penalties for the organizers of the rally
The law provides for penaltiesorganizers of public events. The maximum amount will have to pay those who can not cope with the security challenge, which resulted in injury participants. For citizens, which the court found guilty of this, the maximum amount of the fine is equal to 300 thousand rubles. He, however, can be replaced by 200 hours of forced labor. Official accused of breaking the law, will pay up to 600 thousand rubles, and legal - from 500 thousand to 1 million rubles.
In that case, when everything will be justcausing damage to property, a person will be fined from 100 to 200 thousand rubles, the officer - from 200 to 400, legal - from 350 to 700 thousand rubles.
In the case where there were no similar eventexcesses, but its conduct was complicated by the movement of pedestrians and transport, and if needed to attract additional law enforcement forces, the punishment will be milder. Citizens-organizers of the "get off" fines of 30 to 50 thousand rubles, or community service of up to 100 hours, officials - from 50 to 100, legal - from 250 to 500 thousand rubles.
If the organizers will hold a rally without notifyingthe relevant authorities, an individual will have to pay to the state treasury from 20 to 30 thousand rubles, or to work as a punishment in the form of compulsory work 50 hours. An official in this situation will be punished by a fine in the amount from 20 to 40 thousand, legal - from 70 to 200 thousand rubles.
The fines for protesters
There will be punished and ordinary participants, who cameto the rally to express their point of view. The minimum penalty for violation of the rules for citizens from 10 to 20 thousand rubles, or up to 40 hours of hard labor. The official will pay between $ 15 to 30 thousand rubles, the organization - from 50 to 100 thousand rubles. If a competitor harm to someone's health or property, the amount of the fine will be from 150 to 300 thousand rubles, and the forced mining - up to 200 hours.
Toughen punishment the fact of holding suchpublic events in the vicinity of hazardous facilities. These ranked, for example, nuclear installations. Natural person - participant of the meeting in this case, not only to pay a fine of 150 thousand to 300 thousand rubles, but may be subjected to administrative detention for 15 days.
The punishment will bear not only the organizers andParticipants of the meeting, but also those who obstruct their implementation or urges to participate in them. The citizen in this case will pay from 10 to 20, and the official - from 30 to 50 thousand rubles.