At the beginning of the 16th century ended with the formation of the Russian state. The Russian people have conquered and mastered new territories - Siberia, the Volga region.
The bright figure of the 16th century - is the first Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible, who made a lot of changes of government.
How to live in that time people?
The two main social classes in Russia in the 16th century- Nobles and peasants. The boyars lived in tall wooden Terem, which were artfully built in 3-4 floors. Below yard slaves lived, and on the upper floors of the owners of the house. These towers were enclosed palisades to protect against thieves and robbers. In the yard was a lot of outbuildings for livestock and feed. An interesting fact is that women can not be knights without permission to leave the house, most of the time they were sitting in their front room on the upper floors of the towers locked, doing needlework.
Dressed boyars Eastern style - in the longbrocaded gowns, coats and fur coats, which are not removed in the warmer months. A sign of the genus were not only rich clothes, but also body fat, and a long beard. To keep in shape, and many nobles often ate and drank too much liquor.
In his fiefdom Boyar was the rightful owner,He could punish or pardon their slaves. For such voluntary habitation he paid taxes in the prince (and then to the king) coffers. If the economy is not going well, my lord himself may enter the royal service.
The boyars' estates employed many slaves, butmost of the population were chernososhennye peasants who lived in small villages and worked together: plowed, sown, rooted out forest. Later, distinguished family allotments - land for the sole use, but still hard work it was decided to do together.
The peasant huts were like knights towers - they were made of wood in one room. peasant clothes were homespun, shoes are not worn before the cold weather.
Peasant women, like men, have workedcollectively. Sometimes in the evening, after a hard day's work, for young people arranged gatherings with singing and dancing. Married peasants early. An independent age for boys was considered 16-18 for girls - 12-13 years. Weddings arranged in late autumn, when all field work. Traditional marriage took place with the redemption of the bride, the wedding ceremony and a three-day feast.
Literacy Centers in the 16th century were the monasteries, they kept the books and manuscripts. Peasants and more than half of the boyars were illiterate.