The numeral is an independent part of the Russian language, which is easy enough to identify, ask a question of "how much", "who" or "how".
In school textbooks studied numeral immediately after the noun, verb and adjective.
Within this group there are three wordslexical and grammatical type - cardinal numbers, answering the question "how" (for example, six, thirteen, one hundred and eighty, and others) - collective (eg, three or ten of) and ordinal numbers, answering the question "what" - the second, fourth tenth.
This group is the most commonand frequently used. Inside it are the two groups of words - operedelenno-quantitative (ten, one hundred, and others) and indefinite-quantity (a little, as something more).
Both types have the numeralsquantitative and numeric expression with two data points: quantitative, meaning the number as a sign of a subject, as well as numerical - and a certain (two, three), and an abstract (six divided by two without a remainder, few, etc.).
It is important to remember that only a groupdefinite cardinal numbers has a countable ordinal value, symbolizing the ordinal position of an object - the tenth house, the fifth car, nine apartments.
According to the rules of spelling quantitativenumerals, you need to know one more typical separation - simple (four or ten), complex (or ninety-five hundred) and compound (thirty-eight thousand and twenty-five or 38025).
A few rules of spelling cardinal numbers
It must be remembered that the numerals "fifteen", "thirty" and the like in the end is always written by the soft sign, as in the words "seventy" or "eighty".
Compound words - fifteen or eight hundredth - always written together, and composite - "twenty-five" or "four hundred and twenty" - always separately.
Numerals with "- a thousand -" always inclined as feminine nouns, but with "- one billion -" or "- trillion -" - as masculine.
Separate rules apply to the numerals "two" and "two", which are inclined in different ways:
- Both: both, and both oboimi-
- Both: both, and both both.
Other types of numerals used in the Russian language
Sequence - the second, ten, nine and thirtieth.
Collective - four men and twenty and forty cats.
Multiplicative, which are considered the least frequently used - a double, five, and others.
Counting - threefold, pyatnadtsatirichny.
Fractional - four-tenths, five hundredths.
Indefinite-quantity - a little as a few.