Numeral is an independent part of the Russian language, which is easy enough to define, asking questions "how many", "which" or "what".
In school textbooks, the numerals are studied immediately after nouns, verbs and adjectives.
Within this group of words, threeLexico-grammatical type - quantitative numerals that answer the question "how much" (for example, six, thirteen, one hundred and eighty and others) - collective (for example, three or ten) and ordinal numerals, answering the question "which" is the second, fourth , The tenth.
This group is the most commonAnd often used. Within it, two groups of words are distinguished: quantitative and quantitative (ten, one hundred and others) and indefinite-quantitative (a little, some, a few).
Both types of numerals haveQuantitative-numerical expression with two particular values: quantitative, meaning quantity, as a sign of an object, and also numerical - both definite (two, three), and abstract (six is divided into two without remainder, several, etc.).
It is important to remember the fact that only the groupDefinite-quantitative numerals has a count-ordinal value, symbolizing the ordinal location of a particular object - the tenth house, the fifth car, the ninth apartment.
According to the spelling rules for quantitativeNumerical, it is necessary to know one more typical division - simple (four or ten), complex (ninety or five hundred) and compound (thirty eight thousand twenty five or 38025).
Several spelling rules for quantitative numerals
It must be remembered that the numbers "fifteen", "thirty" and other similar at the end are always written with a soft sign, like the words "seventy" or "eighty".
Complex words - fifteen or eight hundredth - are always written together, and compound words - "twenty-five" or "four hundred twenty" - are always separate.
Numerals with "- one thousand" are always inclined as nouns of the feminine gender, and with "- a billion" or "- trillion" - as a masculine gender.
Separate rules apply to the numbers "both" and "both", which tend differently:
- both: both, both and both-
- both: both, both and both.
Other types of numerals used in Russian
Ordinal - the second, tenth, thirty-ninth.
Collective - four men, twenty men and forty cats.
Multiplicative, considered the least frequently used - double, five-fold and others.
Counting - ternary, fifteen.
Fractional - four tenths, five hundredths.
Uncertain-quantitative - a little, some, a few.