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How formed languages

Until now, linguists argue about how there washuman language. There are many theories to explain the origin of language, but none of them has not been proved, as they can not be reproduced in the experiment or observe.

But how ancient proto divided into several types, of which there were a variety of languages, scientists have more representation, as the process of separation of language can be seen today.



languages ​​of origin of the problem is still interestedancient people in ancient Egypt, philosophers and scientists have tried to figure out which language is the oldest in the world. Ancient Greek philosophers laid the foundations for the emergence of the modern theories of the origin of language. Some defended the natural character of the language, which is closely connected with nature, others said that the language of the signs does not reflect the essence of things, but just call them. Throughout the development of linguistics there were new theory of the origin of language: the sudden appearance as a result of genetic mutation theory of gestures, onomatopoeia, religious theories. While it is not established as there was a human language.


Today there are some thousands of languages ​​in the world,united by kinship in language families. There are two main concepts that describe the presence of multiple human languages. One of them - polygenesis theory - suggests that initially there were several centers of origin of language, that is, in the world at the same time in several places a group of people began to use a system of signs to communicate. monogenesis concept says that the center was the only one that has all the modern languages ​​of the world have common roots, as descended from a single parent language or Proto-Human language. While linguists have not come to a consensus on this issue, as modern research methods enable us to establish kinship language section is not more than ten thousand years ago, whereas the proto existed long before that.


Of the total Proto languages ​​were divided just asToday divergent dialects, gradually turning into separate languages. Groups of people are constantly migrating, moving from place to place, become isolated from each other and changing conditions forced languages ​​evolve. Gradually, the differences became so significant that establish the relationship was becoming harder and harder. Most modern European languages ​​descended from the ancient Indo-European, but today only the linguists are able to see in these languages ​​similarities. relationship of language learning is engaged in the field of linguistics called comparative-historical linguistics.

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