If you open your business, do not postpone registration for later, thinking that for the tax authorities you do not. To conduct business legally means to register it.
Let's try to figure out in what form this is best done, and how to spend as much money and effort on registration as possible.
As a rule, the entrepreneur has a choice: Register as an individual entrepreneur (IP) or create a legal entity (usually a limited liability company - LLC). And in that, and in another version there are advantages and disadvantages.
IP is registered only for one person, butActually has all the rights of legal entities, freely uses the proceeds, is not required to have an authorized capital. However, he is responsible for the obligations of all his property. He has no right to be engaged in trade in alcohol. The process of registration of IP is simpler and less costly.
In LLC all participants are only responsibleWithin the limits of the authorized capital, ie, invested funds. To register an LLC requires authorized capital (while a small - 10,000 rubles, it can be contributed by property), a settlement account and a stamp. In LLC it is necessary to appoint a director. To withdraw funds LLC has the right only for certain purposes (since the funds on the settlement account of the LLC belong to the company, not its founders). Both LLC and IP can use a simplified taxation system.
To register an IP it is necessary to find on the InternetThe form of the application for registration of the IP, fill it in and go to the tax inspection, taking with them also the passport, two copies of it and two copies of the TIN certificate. Registration of IP in the tax inspection is carried out at the place of residence. In the tax you will receive a receipt for payment of the state fee and will send to the notary to certify the documents. The state fee is 800 rubles. The notary assures the application, a copy of the passport and TIN for approximately 500-1000 rubles. Then you need to return to the tax, return documents and write a statement on the transition to a simplified taxation system in two copies. After five working days in the same tax, you must obtain a certificate of registration of IP and an extract from the register of individual entrepreneurs (EGRN). From now on, you can consider yourself a registered entrepreneur. After that, it remains only to open an account with the bank and obtain statistics codes from the Federal State Statistics Service.
Registration of LLC in Moscow is carried out by the InspectorateIFTS №46. To register an LLC, it is necessary to prepare a package of constituent documents, which will include 2 original copies of the LLC Charter, Minutes of the General Meeting of Participants on the establishment of the LLC (with two or more founders) and a receipt for payment of the state fee of 4,000 rubles. It is also necessary to submit an application (Form P11001), with the signature of the applicant - one of the founders - certified by a notary. If desired, the LLC, like the IP, can use a simplified taxation system, for this it is necessary to write an application for a simplified taxation system in two copies. In five working days, the founders will receive certificates of state registration, tax registration, registered constituent documents, an extract from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities (EGRUL) and documents confirming registration with the Federal State Statistics Service. Then it will be necessary to open a bank account and order a seal.
The registration procedure for the LLC will cost approximately5000-7000 rubles. If entrepreneurs turn to a specialized firm, they will have to pay at least as much, but this will save time and effort.