The Linux kernel, which is used to create a Unix-like operating systems, open source and free software status.
Therefore, the common name Linux is distributed on a fairly large number of ready-made distribution, with its own set of programs and settings to specific user needs.
Options for Linux operating systemsthere are a lot, according to various sources from 100 to 300-x workers distributions. Of the variety of operating systems for Linux, you can highlight some of the most famous and popular systems used and beginners and professionals.
The official logo and Linux mascot is a penguin Tux. It was established in 1996, an American computer programmer and designer Larry Ewing.
The most common and universal
Ubuntu. The basis of this very commonly used distribution is one of the first linux-operatsionok Debian. As Ubuntu uses statistical data of 20 million users worldwide. It has a beautifully designed original Unity interface and convenience items and excellent versatility, much easier to work with portable devices. In addition, the distinctive feature of this distribution is the web infrastructure documentation in Wiki style and extraordinary maintenance error reports.
Linux Mint. This operating system is based on the already Ubuntu, but has improved the technical aspects. This distribution is equipped with an advanced practical MintMenu menu MintDesktop program, allows you to configure the operating environment for your needs and easy to use utility MintInstall installation. In addition, Linux Mint - is one of the few distributions, the kit which includes its own proprietary codecs.
Mandriva. This distribution is for a long time was the most popular among ordinary users, but as a result of financial difficulties, the creator company conceded the title of the popular Ubuntu. Dekstopny Mandriva Control Center, which allows via a graphical interface to perform all administrative tasks, is an excellent example of a comprehensive and simple administration tools. This distribution is simple to install and learn, recognize the good equipment and well localized.
Fedora. The distribution of well-known Red Hat Linux community, is one of the leaders in the segment OS for servers and enterprise systems. This distribution combines a solid foundation for Red Hat is not limited by corporate needs with the latest free applications and support for non-free formats.
ASPLinux. The distribution of the same name by the Russian company, based at the Fedora Core and adapted to regional characteristics. It allows you to use as a desktop as the Gnome, and the KDE, has a wide range of applications, and graphical tools to configure the system, a selection of drivers for common in the countries of the CIS and the equipment available to download daily updates. This makes the distribution of universal and accessible to all categories of users.
Distribution - this is not just a set of programs, and a number of solutions for different user tasks, united by common systems installation, management, and service packs, configuration and support.
Distributions for advanced users
Debian. One of the oldest Linux distributions, has given life to many other systems. The main plus of Debian is its high stability, the presence of a huge number of free and open source applications, compatible with 11 different hardware architectures and the ability to upgrade without having to reinstall. To install and setup requires some experience with Linux.
Slackware Linux. Another representative of the earliest Linux distributions, in which the structure for many years in addition to versions of the covenants, nothing changes. Slackware has no graphical installer and system configuration utilities, everything is done by editing configuration files. It is recommended to users who want to deeply learn the basics and principles of GNU / Linux operation.