The "stranger" is, perhaps, the most famous lyric poem by Alexander Blok, one of the greatest poets of the Russian silver age.
This work is included in the school program on literature.
Period of work on the poem
"Stranger" was written in a difficult for the poetPeriod - when he himself experienced a heavy personal drama. His beloved, Lyubov Mendeleeva, left him for his friend and fellow poet in the poetic shop Andrei Bely. Blok hard experienced this betrayal and parting, perhaps, in part, so the poem is permeated with such lyrical sadness.
According to many researchers, the poet conveysThe atmosphere of the St. Petersburg suburbs, in addition, here you can find his impressions of trips to the dacha, where the poet has visited more than once in this period, dull rural entertainment and local inhabitants.
So, the place of action is a certain restaurant, in whichAs if all dirt and vulgarity of the big city were deliberately concentrated. Here the air itself is heavy, it is difficult to breathe, the eyes of the surrounding people are empty, not around people, but grotesque creatures "with the eyes of rabbits." This world is disharmonious, crocheting and melancholy, and being in it is devoid of any meaning.
And every evening in this horrendous of its ordinaryVulgar place appears she is no longer the Beautiful Lady of the early Blok poetry, but the woman in whose heart it is obviously hidden some mystery, some bitterness that makes her come here. This woman, wrapped in silk and exuding the fragrance of perfume, obviously does not belong to this gray world, she is a stranger in it.
The neznakomka passes through the mud without being muddied by it, and remains an exalted ideal.
It is significant that the lyrical hero is notSeeks to dispel the mystery surrounding her, approach her and ask her name, find out what brought her here. After all, in this case, the romantic halo surrounding the mysterious stranger will also disappear, and from a stranger she will only turn into an earthly woman, in whose life, perhaps, something happened. It is important to him precisely as a symbol, as an image showing that even in the darkest darkness there is light and beauty, as a sign of a mystical miracle that brings meaning and fills life with content.
The poem is written with a five-legged iambic with a classic cross-alternating male and female rhyme.
The whole work can be conditionally divided into twoParts: in the first there is an atmosphere of despair, the second is illuminated by the presence of a mysterious Stranger. At the same time, the antithesis of the images is constantly emphasized by vocabulary and phonetics: at the beginning of the poem, all images are exceptionally gloomy and dull, the "low" vocabulary ("lackeys", "drunkards", "stickers" etc.) prevails, in the second part - exclusively "High", emphasizing the "magic" and the inaccessibility of the image.