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All about the verb as part of speech


The term "verb" came into our speech from the AncientRussia. In those days Slavs called their alphabet "Glagolitic". In modern language, this part of the speech takes an important place. Verbal words are often found in sentences, together with the subject is a grammatical basis. The verb has a number of grammatical features, it can be the main and secondary member of the sentence.

All about the verb as part of speech



The action and state of the object are transmitted withUsing verbs that have immutable signs of a perfect or imperfect type, transitivity - intransitivity, recurrence - irrecoverability and conjugation.


The imperfect type of the verb is more commonly used inOur speech. Usually morphemes help to form from it the perfect: "to look - to see", "to shout - to shout". But it happens the other way round: "sew - sew," "solve - decide." Such verbal variants are species pairs.


If verbs can control nouns,They stand in their accusative case, and the connection between them is expressed without the help of a pretext, so they will be considered transitive: "show," "cook," "deceive." Intransitive, such a subordinate connection is not appropriate: "to be absent", "to get accustomed", "to sit".


The suffix -sa (-s) at the end of the word indicates that the verb is returnable. In non-refundable, such a suffix is ​​absent. It should be remembered that the return is indicative of intransitivity.


The conjugation is indicated by a set of endings atChange by persons and numbers. Just find out this tag if the personal ending of the verb is percussion. If the conjugation is not established by accent, it is necessary to pay attention to the infinitive. All except "shave" and "lay", verbs that end in-and, and a few excluded from this list (on -et, -at) - constitute II conjugation. The others represent I conjugation. Among the verbs there are several differently contiguous: "want", "run", "honor".


The present category of the inclination of the verbHelps to establish how the actions are related to reality. Verbal words in each of the moods have a certain set of characteristics. The verbs of the indicative mood are the actions that take place in reality. They apply the concept of the category of time. The present and the future of time tend to change in persons and numbers, and the past, instead of the person, by birth. Imperative inclination contains a motivation for action. Such a form of the verb can be a unity with the words "yes", "let's (those)", "let". The conditional inclination, in which the verb necessarily stands in the past tense and has a particle "would (b)", indicate the possibility, certain conditions of action.


With verbs, there can be no generatingActions person or thing. The purpose of such verbal words is to convey the different states of nature or man. They have the corresponding name - impersonal. Examples of the use of such verbs in impersonal sentences: "It was getting dark outside the window," "I'm shivering."


The usual purpose of the verb in the composition of sentences- to fulfill the role of the predicate. Syntactic functions expand when using it in an indefinite form: here it can be a subject, perform the function of the secondary members of the sentence. Consider the various options: "Whistle (skaz.) All Up!", "Tourists began to move cautiously (part of the predicate) forward", "Learn (always) is always useful", "Guests asked to include (add up) music louder", " The boy expressed a desire to seriously engage in (volatile) volleyball, "I came to see you."

All about the verb as part of speech Was last modified: June 29th, 2017 By Lecmyazf
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